Spanish Team Discovers Lost Ruins of Inca Guerrillas

posted on October 24th, 2015 in Andes Mountains, Incas, Recent Discoveries

Vilcabamba Ruins

Map of the Inca Empire and location of discovery

A team of Spanish explorers and scientists, using satellite imagery, discovered in mid-September a previously unknown Inca site some 150 miles north of Cusco. Using computer imaging software, the expedition reached a mountain top and discovered some 50 structures and an Incan cemetery complete with skeletal remains. In addition, near the summit, the team discovered structures that resemble those involved in human sacrifice, or capacocha, found elsewhere in the Andes. According to the team, it’s possible that the site was used by Incas after the initial conquest of the Inca Empire by Francisco Pizarro, during the period of nearly forty years when a rump empire of Inca guerrillas existed in the Vilcabamba area. In 1572, the Spaniards invaded Vilcabamba, captured the final Inca emperor, and beheaded him in the main square in Cusco.



Explorers Claim to Have Discovered Inca Emperor’s Tomb

posted on May 3rd, 2014 in Archaeology, Ecuador, Recent Discoveries

Llanganates Ruins

May 3, 2014

The Telegraph

It sounds like a plot from an Indiana Jones film, but explorers claim to have found ruins hidden deep in a dense and dangerous Amazonian jungle that could solve many of South America’s mysteries – and lead to one of the world’s most sought-after treasures.



How Inca Postal Runners Delivered Their Emperor Fresh Fish From the Sea

posted on April 1st, 2014 in Archaeology, Peru, Recent Discoveries

chasqui runner on Spanish postal stamp

Inka Chasqui runner on Spanish postal stamp

Note: the Incas built one of the greatest roadways in the world, called the Qhapaq Ñan, or “beautiful roadway.” It stretched for more than 2,500 miles in length, from Colombia to mid-Chile, covered more than 26,000 miles of roadway. A tiny stretch of that roadway, which ends at Machu Picchu, is what is now known as the “Inca Trail.” KM

Arequipa: Discovery of Inca Roadway Section

March 6, 2014

Translated by Kim MacQuarrie

Early historians noted and were surprised to learn that the Inca [emperor] ate fresh fish, brought from the sea, to Cusco. How did it arrive, they wondered? Now the mystery has been solved with the discovery of about 22 kilometers of Inca roadway, located in the coastal area of the province of Caravelí in the Arequipa region. All indications are that [relay] runners used this route to fulfill that role.

The Kontisuyo Qhapac Nan route was about 400 kilometers long. That stretch links Cusco with the Atiquipa district in the province of Caravelí (Arequipa). And that roadway is currently more relevant than ever, said tourism specialist Rolly Valdivia to our Perú21 correspondent in Arequipa.


“Some sections are thousands of years old as Arequipa continued to play its role in integrating diverse village. Many of these still have no roads,” he stressed.

The design of Qhapac Nan, linking a total of six countries in Latin America, allowed the articulation of a great Tahuantinsuyo [Inca Empire] with transverse and longitudinal paths, where products from the coast, highlands and jungle were transported.

Part of that roadway is the 22 miles of a new section of roadway linking the towns of Chala and Acari, which was discovered by a technical group from the Qhapac Nan Project, of the Ministry of Culture.

This section crosses desert areas and coastal hills , between kilometers 591 and 625 of the South Pan American Highway, in the districts of Chala and Atiquipa.

The Qhapac Nan research coordinator, Guido Casaverde, said preliminary investigations indicate that this stretch of roadway came from the north from the Inca administrative center of Tambo Viejo (Acari) and south to the site of the Tambo (house), connecting the archaeological sites of La Caleta, La Quebrada de Vaca (Puerto Inca) , Quebrada Mocha and Tanaca.


The Qhapac Nan Project is currently working on having the [remaining] Inca highway designated as a World Heritage Site. During that effort, the project has discovered several new routes.


Its construction would have occurred in the Late Horizon period, during which the Incas achieved the maximum expansion of their empire.

Excerpt from the Spanish historian, Bernabe Cobo (1582-1657), from History of the Inca Empire:

“The Incas also used the [chaski] runner and messengers when they felt like having something especially delicious that needed to be brought from far away; if, while he was in Cuzco, the Inca [emperor] felt a desire for some fresh fish from the sea, his order was acted upon with such speed that, although that city is over seventy leagues from the sea, the fish was brought to him very fresh in less than two days…the post service of the chasques was held to be one of the great accomplishments of the Inca kings….”


Royal Pre-Inca Tomb Discovered With Thousand-Year-Old Wari Queens

posted on June 30th, 2013 in Archaeology, Peru, Recent Discoveries

A 1,200-year-old ceramic painted with a Wari lord, recently discovered at the tomb of El Castillo de Huarmey in Peru

First Unlooted Royal Tomb of Its Kind Unearthed in Peru

Three queens were buried with golden treasures, human sacrifices.

National Geographic

Published June 27, 2013

It was a stunning discovery: the first unlooted imperial tomb of the Wari, the ancient civilization that built South America’s earliest empire between 700 and 1000 A.D. Yet it wasn’t happiness that Milosz Giersz felt when he first glimpsed gold in the dim recesses of the burial chamber in northern Peru.



Possible Mausoleum with Gold, Silver & Mummies Discovered at Machu Picchu

posted on February 8th, 2013 in Incas, Machu Picchu, Recent Discoveries

Machu Picchu

Machu Picchu Inkari Research Institute discovers Inca mausoleum with large quantities of gold and silver. However, the [Peruvian] Ministry of Culture has stalled the project.

Feb 8, 2013

(Translated by Kim MacQuarrie)

Who would believe it? Millions of tourists and thousands of archaeologists have walked before the walls that hide perhaps the best kept secret of Peruvian archeology: the final resting place of the Inca [emperor] Pachacutec.



Mysterious Lines Explained in Peru’s Nazca Desert

posted on January 4th, 2013 in Archaeology, Nazca Lines and Culture, Peru, Recent Discoveries

Labyrinth Lies Within Mysterious Desert Drawing

Dec 11, 2012

A large labyrinth lies in the midst of Peru’s Nazca Lines, according to the most detailed study on the enigmatic desert etchings created between 2,100 and 1,300 years ago.

Completely hidden in the flat and featureless landscape, the labyrinth was identified after a five-year investigation into the arid Peruvian coastal plain land, about 250 miles south of Lima, where the mysterious geoglyphs are located.


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DNA Confirms that First North & South Americans Came From Siberia

posted on August 20th, 2012 in Linguistics, Recent Discoveries

Humans (Homo sapiens) ventured out of Africa Some 65,000 years ago. They finally arrived in South America some 14,000 years ago

Earliest Americans Arrived in Waves, DNA Study Finds

July 11, 2012

North and South America were first populated by three waves of migrants from Siberia rather than just a single migration, say researchers who have studied the whole genomes of Native Americans in South America and Canada.


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Did Ecuador Discover the Last Inca Emperor’s Tomb?

posted on March 5th, 2012 in Archaeology, Ecuador, Incas, Recent Discoveries

The Execution of the Inca Emperor, Atahualpa

The execution of the Inca emperor, Atahualpa, by the Spanish conquistadors in 1533

(Note: In 1533 Francisco Pizarro captured and executed the Inca emperor at the time, Atahualpa. However, after Atahualpa’s death, three more Inca emperors ruled from the Incas’ rebel capital of Vilcabamba: Sayri Tupac, Titu Cusi, and Tupac Amaru. The Spaniards executed the final Inca emperor, Tupac Amaru, in Cuzco in 1572–almost forty years after Pizarro’s arrival–Kim MacQuarrie).

Ecuador may have found last Inca emperor’s tomb

Agence France-Presse

February 29, 2012

It has been sought for centuries but remained a mystery, still out of reach. Now an expert has pinpointed a site that could be Atahualpa’s resting place: the last Inca emperor’s tomb….



Tourists Witness Uncontacted Amazon Tribe in Peru

posted on February 3rd, 2012 in Amazon Jungle, Indigenous Rights, Peru, Recent Discoveries, Uncontacted Tribes

Uncontacted Mashco Piro Indians in Peru

A group of uncontacted Mashco Piro Indians, one of an estimated fifteen uncontacted Indian tribes in Peru

Peru Struggles To Keep Outsiders Away From Uncontacted Amazon Tribe
Mashco-Piro Indians have been spotted on the banks of a river popular with tourists after increasing logging in the area

Jan 31, 2012

Peruvian authorities say they are struggling to keep outsiders away from a clan of previously isolated Amazon Indians who began appearing on the banks of a jungle river popular with environmental tourists last year.



New Peruvian Site Rivals Machu Picchu

posted on November 30th, 2011 in Andes Mountains, Archaeology, Northern Kingdoms of Peru, Peru, Recent Discoveries

Marcahuachuco Ruins in NE Peru

Built by an unknown, pre-Inca culture high in Peru’s northern Andes, Marcahuamachuco was Peru’s most important political, economic, and military center, built sometime between 400 and 800 AD

Marcahuamachuco: the next Machu Picchu?

Agence France-Presse

Nov 27, 2011

Lima, Peru – Marcahuamachuco, an enigmatic 1,600-year-old archeological complex built from stone in the northern Peruvian Andes, is emerging bit by bit from oblivion and could become a beacon of tourism on the scale of Machu Picchu.